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Showing posts with the label Bash script

How to get uptime in Windows using PowerShell

If you need to monitor how long the machine has been up, or whether the machine rebooted by itself or someone has just rebooted the server for without any reason. Then getting the uptime of the machine or server is important.
PowerShell code below gets the uptime by using a command line and processing its output.
#==========================
#get the uptime and save to text file Invoke-command -ScriptBlock { net statistics server >c:\online.txt }  $xcmd = select-string -path "c:\online.txt" -Pattern "since" | select line |ft -hidetableheaders  write-output $xcmd | out-file c:\online1.txt  $stry = get-content c:\online1.txt | out-string  $concatString = $stry.Substring(18,15) Write-host  $concatString
#Get the date $StartDate= [datetime] $concatString $EndDate= (GET-DATE) $xdate = NEW-TIMESPAN –Start $StartDate –End $EndDate write-output $xdate #==========================
Sample output:
Days              : 3 Hours             : 12 Minutes           : 12 Seconds           : 17 …

Add a user in command line in Windows and Linux

How to add a user via command line in Windows and Linux?

Adding a user whether in Linux or Windows requires the user have rights to create.

In Windows you must be a member of the administrator or other groups who has the rights to create a user.

In Linux you must be a root or either a member of the sudoers depending on what distro you are using.

In Windows to create  a local user in a Windows client operating system such as Windows 7 or Windows 10.

A one liner command can be issued to create a local user, using the command prompt Window at an elevated mode or administrator mode.

At the command prompt type:

Net user  "username" "password" /add

Net user  << this should be type like that it’s part of the command syntax while username and password, can be any data and of course /add is needed meaning the command is adding a user to the system.

Example: net user spiderbond 007-homeSp!dey /add

Command will add a user name called spiderbond and the password is 007-…

Linux list folders recursively

To list all folders on the root directory, type:
  ls -d /*
Sample Output:
/bin     /dev   /smsbackup  /lost+found  /mnt  /proc  /selinux  /tmp /boot    /etc   /lib        /media       /net  /root  /srv      /usr /cgroup  /home  /lib64      /misc        /opt  /sbin  /sys      /var
To list all folders on the current folder, one level depth only; type:
[xxx@mx var]$ ls -d */
Sample Output:
account/  cvs/    games/  local/  lost+found/  opt/       spool/  yp/ cache/    db/     gdm/    lock/  sms/        preserve/  tmp/ crash/    empty/  lib/    log/    nis/         run/       www/

List all folders and sub folders, 2 level depth or 2 level hierarchy; type:
[xxx@mx var]$ ls -d */*/
Sample Output:
cache/abrt-di/        lib/misc/        log/ConsoleKit/      run/portreserve/ cache/cups/           lib/mlocate/     log/cups/            run/rhsm/ cache/fontconfig/     lib/net-snmp/    log/sms/            run/saslauthd/ cache/foomatic/       lib/nfs/         log/gdm/             run/sepermit/ cache…

Use tar command to backup in Linux

tar or tape archive is a basic tool that every Linux user should know.

Its syntax is quite different from the traditional copy or move command.

Since tar works from a 'current working directory' perspective.

Traditional syntax for copy or move is source then the destination.

In tar, the syntax is the filename or the path where the backup will be save and the source or the folder to be backed up or archived.

Typing: man tar (at the terminal shows the following)

tar -cf archive.tar foo bar
# Create archive.tar from files foo and bar.

Basically, it's like the destination where the file will be saved and the source or the files that will be archived.

Here's a simple bash script that will append the time and date the tar file was executed to the filename of the tar file.

If the bash script is automated via cron, the filename of the tar file will include the date and time the cron executes the script.


#script begins

#!/bin/bash
NOW=$(date +%Y%m%d%H%M)
echo $NOW
tar -Pczvf   /mnt/o…

PowerShell get folder capacity

Get the folder capacity using PowerShell via the old-school method.
Old-school since we will utilize the native “dir” command, just like the good old days of DOS.
PowerShell dir command output is not the same with the native windows system32 dir command line just like in DOS system.
The output will be in bytes since it is from the command line but of course, if you are command line junkie it will be easy to read even if the capacity is written in bytes.
First, fire up notepad write the dir command plus the full folder path of the specified folder in which you like to monitor or want to know the capacity.
 dir “c:\users\dmusic\music folder 001”
The path is enclosed in quotes since the folder has spaces and save the notepad as a batch file with “.bat” extension.
Open PowerShell command line window or PowerShell ISE and type the following command:
#change the path to where the batch file was saved
$folder_base_cap = d:\read_folder_cap.bat 
$ folder_base_cap | Select-String "bytes&qu…

PowerShell disable USB ports

Disabling USB ports using PowerShell by modifying registry values.
How to user PowerShell to modify an existing value in Windows Registry?
PowerShell code below modifies the registry value and disable USB ports in Windows.
The code must be run in an elevated mode to modify the registry.
Here's the code:
Modify the registry key value using PowerShell:
Set-ItemProperty -Path "HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR\" -Name "start" -Value 4
To enable the USB ports, change the value to 3:
Set-ItemProperty -Path "HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR\" -Name "start" -Value 3
Disabling USB ports is quite annoying of course, but if security is a concern then I guess it is justifiable especially computers that can easily be accessed by unwanted guests or individuals.

It will also protect the network or computers from getting malware's or viruses that is transferred or copied via USB storage.



Cheers! Till next time.


==============…

Bash check if folder exists

Simple bash script for beginners trying to get their hands wet on bash scripting.
The code below will ask for input and the input should be a string or a folder name.
The script will just do a basic ls and if the folder name is found it will show “The folder is found” or else the next echo statement is displayed.
Instead of simply displaying an echo command a function or another script can be called to execute a process further.
#!/bin/bash # This script will ask for a string or folder name and check whether it is present or not
echo "Enter folder name, followed by [ENTER]:"
read folder_name
ls | grep ^$folder_name && echo "The folder is found" || echo "The folder cannot be found" #Script ends
It’s a one liner evaluation, some sort an if then else in other programming languages, the && statement is executed if the evaluation is true, and if the evaluation is false the || is executed.
The read folder_name line, is the statement that will hold the inp…

PowerShell validate list of email addresses

Validate list of email addresses in a text file and check which email is a valid email and which one has the incorrect format.
PowerShell code below can easily check or validate incorrect email, output will show true if valid email and false if the email is not valid.
To check list of valid emails PowerShell utilizes regex. This is useful to check typo errors when sending out mass email or a list of emails which has not yet been verified.

But of course, the code will not be able to check whether the emails are active or not.

#===============================
$reader = [System.IO.File]::OpenText("c:\all_emails.txt") #get-content can also be used
while($null -ne ($line = $reader.ReadLine())) {
    #$line     $regx="[a-z0-9!#\$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-]+(?:\.[a-z0-9!#\$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-]+)*@(?:[a-z0-9](?:[a-z0-9-]*[a-z0-9])?\.)+[a-z0-9](?:[a-z0-9-]*[a-z0-9])?"
    [regex]::Match($line, $regx, "IgnoreCase ")  |  format-Table success, value -AutoSize }

#========…

How to escape in PowerShell

In bash script the backslash is use as escape sequence and even in Java programming.

But what's the equivalent of bash escape sequence in PowerShell?

Grave accent or back tick, which is found at the top left corner of the keybord below the "esc" key on some keyboard, This character "`" is the escape in PowerShell.

For example:

Write-host "This line is above `r`n and  `r`n this line is below"

Output is:
This line is above
 and
 this line is below

r is equal to carriage return character putting a backtick before r, `r tells PowerShell that r is not a character but a carriage return
n is a new line character putting a backtick before n, `n tells PowerShell that n is a new line character.

Another example:

$ sign in PowerShell is to indicate a variable

But what if you need to display a dollar sign as a character and not as a special character to declare a variable. Then we need to escape the dollar sign by prefixing a backtick before the character.

Exampl…

Linux basic device utility tools

Knowing the devices in your computer is quite important in order to check what devices are installed or running in the computer
Getting to use Linux or starting to use it may seem daunting for others.
But Linux is awesome aside that its free and open source, in order to get used to it then you have to use it.
How to check installed USB drives or external USB devices in Linux?
How to check what graphic chipset or video chipset your computer is using in Linux?
How to check the audio chipset in your Linux system?
All these questions will pop-up once you start using Linux.
Or how would to check whether the inserted USB thumbdrive or an external USB drive is detected or not.
Well, some Linux distro provides a GUI interface to do it.
But the very basic way to check is to open via the Terminal window.
Or basically the command line in Linux.
ls - or list directory contents is the most basic way to learn on command line
ls will list the files and directories
To issue the commands below, open …

PowerShell create active directory user

Create bulk users for Active Directory in PowerShell with the help of a text file or a CSV file can be done easily. But the code below is to create a single user account. The code below can easily be tweak by using for loop command and reading an external file where the data will be imported to PowerShell variables.
When I was creating this script, I encountered an error that says:
new-aduser attribute value was not in the acceptable range
Basically, the error is good and is useful as well. Since it already gives a hint that one of the value is not acceptable.
And on this case, it was the Country variable, I was writing the whole word “Philippines” when I changed it to PH and the error went away.
Here’s the code: #------Code Start--------  $Domain="@gui.local" $Firstname="Yorem" $Lastname="Goas" $Email="yorem.goas@gui.com" $Password="Wh@t!s1t0k" $Username=$Firstname +"."+ $Lastname $UPN=$Username+$Domain $DisplayName= "$Firstname…